Cicero Moraes uses 3D CT-Scan data and Blender to model a medical prosthesis.
Our Blender is a tool for artists, maybe not for scientists. But, it is possible create prosthesis with a help of other free software like InVesalius, that convert CT-scan files to 3D mesh. I studied this possibility for a client using Boolean, Remesh and other modifiers.
The result is this time lapse video.
We can imagine this working not only to prosthesis, but for reconstruction of ancient broken objects in archeological field, for example. First modelled virtually, after printed in 3D and put on the real model.